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What is the difference between Net Asset Value (NAV) and market price?
Net Asset Value (NAV) and market price are two distinct metrics used in the context of mutual funds, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), and other investment vehicles. They serve different purposes and provide valuable information to investors.

1. Net Asset Value (NAV):
NAV is a fundamental metric that represents the per-share or per-unit value of the underlying assets held by a mutual fund or an ETF. It is calculated by taking the total value of the fund's assets (including stocks, bonds, cash, and other securities) and subtracting its liabilities (such as expenses, management fees, and outstanding debts). The resulting value is then divided by the number of outstanding shares or units in the fund. NAV is typically calculated at the end of each trading day.

NAV provides insight into the intrinsic value of the fund's holdings, and it is primarily used for two purposes:

- Buying and Selling: Investors can purchase or redeem shares of a mutual fund or ETF at the NAV price, which is also known as the "purchase price" or "redemption price." This ensures that investors receive the true value of the fund's assets when they transact.

- Valuation: NAV helps investors assess the overall performance of the fund and compare it to its historical values. It is an essential reference point for understanding the growth or decline in the fund's underlying assets over time.

2. Market Price:
The market price of a mutual fund or ETF is the price at which shares or units are currently trading on a stock exchange, just like individual stocks. It is determined by supply and demand in the secondary market, and it can fluctuate throughout the trading day based on investor sentiment, market conditions, and other factors. The market price is often different from the NAV of the fund, which can lead to premiums or discounts.

Key differences between NAV and market price:

- Timing: NAV is calculated at the end of the trading day, while market price can change continuously during trading hours.

- Supply and Demand: Market price is influenced by investor demand and supply, potentially leading to premiums (market price > NAV) or discounts (market price < NAV) to the NAV.

- Trading Transactions: Investors buy and sell shares at the market price, which may differ from the NAV. This means that you may pay more (premium) or less (discount) than the underlying value of the fund's assets.

In summary, NAV represents the intrinsic value of a fund's assets, and it is used for transacting with the fund itself. Market price, on the other hand, reflects the value at which shares or units are currently trading on the open market and is influenced by investor sentiment and market dynamics. Understanding the distinction between these two prices is crucial for investors when buying or selling mutual funds and ETFs.

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